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If you have a few tattoos, there’s a good chance you have one or two you don’t like. Whether it was a backyard scratcher offering cheap tattoos, an impulse purchase to declare a love (who now has a new girlfriend), or it’s just plain ugly, bad tattoos happen.
We all have regrets and should-have-could-have moments. Considering that tattoos are forever, a bad tattoo will remind you, every time you change your clothes, of the tragedy on your skin.
Initially, you probably thought a tattoo was a one-off opportunity, and technically that is the case. Luckily, there are truly talented artists currently working within the industry worldwide. So bearing that in mind, there is the hope that maybe you could get a fantastic cover-up done.
No matter why you’ve changed your mind about the design—you’ve grown up a decade or two, or possibly the once-love of your life, Candy or Gavin, has now evolved into a psychopathic stalker whom you stay very, very far away from—having a horrible tattoo sucks.
Wanting to get rid of or disguise a second-rate tattoo is not unusual.
There are even artists and studios that specialise in cover-up work.
There are limitations on covering up an old tattoo, but there are also many success stories of people who now love their skin. If you’re thinking of getting a cover-up done, read on!
Understanding How a Tattoo Cover-Up Works
When your tattoo was first done, the ink was deposited approximately one millimetre beneath the skin, into the dermis, which is the layer below the epidermis (the skin you see).
As your cover-up gets tattooed, the new ink is also deposited within the dermis, along with the old coloured ink. The pigment in the new inks does not go over the top of the old tattoo’s pigment; rather the two colours combine to make a new colour, although the stronger or darker-coloured ink becomes dominant in the mixture. For example, red and blue ink mixed together make purple, underneath the skin or elsewhere.
Black is the most effective colour to cover up an old tattoo. Of course, a black-ink tattoo might not be your first choice, so you have to decide which is worse: all-black ink or an old, horrible tattoo. (But there are other colour options… see below.)
When an artist is designing a cover-up, they consider the colour in the old tattoo and how it will mix with the new ink’s colour. Talented artists work out a strategy for placing the new design and colours over the old one.
Quick Reference: Cover-Up Colours
Traditionally, black was the main colour used in tattoo cover-ups.
Artists can now also use browns, oranges, greens, blues, and magentas when doing a cover-up.
New coloured inks, when merged with the old ink underneath the skin, can create a whole new colour.
Darker versions of the same colour can cover up lighter colours.
Using Colours of Ink in Tattoo Cover-Ups
Traditionally, black was the main colour used in tattoo cover-ups. But, as the tattoo community becomes more skilled, artists are using more colours and clever placement to hide old, unwanted tattoos.
Tattoo cover-ups can also use:
Some other colours that if used correctly can also be used to cover up old tattoos:
Other, lighter colours can be used in a tattoo cover-up. They are used when the colour being hidden is also light, and in parts of the tattoo design that do not cover up the old tattoo.
A good rule of thumb: A darker shade of a colour can cover itself. So lime green can be covered with emerald green, and light blue with royal blue or purple.
What Can Be Done in a Cover-Up?
When your artist is creating a cover-up design, they will:
Place tracing paper over your old tattoo and trace the outline and major features of your design. This gives them a reference for the areas of the tattoo that need a heavier cover-up design.
Put the outline on a light table and place another piece of thin tracing paper over the top.
Begin designing your cover-up, working around the faint outline of your old tattoo, to camouflage the areas that need it.
A talented artist will incorporate the old design rather than obliterate it: for example, developing scripting into flowing stalks or vines. By creating contrast and interesting design flourishes around the darker areas, the artist draws the eye away from the parts of the old tattoo being covered up.
Often tattoos that are designed as cover-ups are around thirty percent larger than the one they cover. This way, the darker areas of the design can camouflage the old tattoo, and lighter colours can be used on virgin skin, deceiving the eye into believing the cover-up is the only tattoo that has ever been there.